AO 2013-01 1787 National Committee Does Not Qualify as a National Party Committee
The 1787 National Committee (1787 Party) has yet to place any federal candidates on a state ballot. As such, it does not currently meet the definition of “political party” under the Federal Election Campaign Act (the Act) and Commission regulations, and does not qualify as a national committee of a political party.
The Act defines a political party as “an organization which nominates a candidate for election to any Federal office whose name appears on the election ballot as the candidate of such…organization.” 2 U.S.C. §431(16); 11 CFR 100.15. Therefore, to be considered a “political party” for purposes of the Act, an organization must first place a federal candidate on a ballot under that organization’s name.
The Commission concluded that since the Party has not yet placed a federal candidate on a state ballot, it has not yet met the Act’s definition of “political party,” and therefore is not a national party committee. The mere intention to place candidates on the ballot does not suffice. See Advisory Opinion 1980-03 (Citizens Committee).
Date Issued: May 9, 2013; Length: 3 pages.
(Posted 5/22/13; By: Myles Martin)
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